In the last post we examined the covenantal promises God made to Abraham and David. Please refresh your memory about those before moving forward in reading this post. Now we are going to examine how 1 Kings 1-11 describes those promises made to Abraham and David being fulfilled in the days of Solomon. Notice the points of comparison:

First Comparison:

And your servant is in the midst of your people whom you have chosen, a great people, too many to be numbered or counted for multitude. (1 Kings 3:8 ESV)

And he brought him outside and said, “Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” (Genesis 15:5 ESV)

Second Comparison:

Judah and Israel were as many as the sand by the sea. They ate and drank and were happy. Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt. They brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life. (1 Kings 4:20–21 ESV)

I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies, and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.” (Genesis 22:17–18 ESV)

And I will give to you and to your offspring after you the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God.” (Genesis 17:8 ESV)

Notice that 1 Kings 4:20-21 combines a few promises. First, Judah and Israel are as many as the sand of the sea. Second, there is peace and prosperity in the nation as depicted by them eating, drinking, and being happy. Third, Solomon’s rule is extending across the land just as God promised.

Third Comparison:

For he had dominion over all the region west of the Euphrates from Tiphsah to Gaza, over all the kings west of the Euphrates. And he had peace on all sides around him. And Judah and Israel lived in safety, from Dan even to Beersheba, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, all the days of Solomon. (1 Kings 4:24–25 ESV)

And I will give to you and to your offspring after you the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God.” (Genesis 17:8 ESV)

The point is made again that the people are living in peace and prosperity, and the borders of the kingdom have extended to the extent the Lord had promised.

Fourth Comparison:

And people of all nations came to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom. (1 Kings 4:34 ESV)

I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” (Genesis 12:3 ESV)

Now we see in the kingdom of Solomon that nations are coming to Zion to hear the wisdom of Solomon given by the Lord. The nations are being blessed as they listen to the God-given wisdom Solomon is imparting.

Fifth Comparison:

First Kings 5-9 describes the preparations, construction, and completion of the temple. This fits the Davidic covenantal promises made to Solomon.

When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. (2 Samuel 7:12–13 ESV)

Sixth Comparison:

First Kings 11:1-8 describes the sin of Solomon as he loves many foreign women who lead his heart away from the Lord and into idolatry. This is exactly what the Lord predicted would happen when the promise was made to David.

When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men (2 Samuel 7:14 ESV)

Seventh Comparison:

First Kings 11:11-14, 30-36 describes the discipline of God against Solomon. The kingdom is going to be divided and stripped away from Solomon for his sin. However, God promises to leave one tribe for Solomon’s descendants because of his faithfulness and righteousness toward the covenant he made to David.

but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me.Your throne shall be established forever.’” (2 Samuel 7:15–16 ESV)

Conclusion:

What we see is the promises that God made to Abraham and David being fulfilled in the lifetime of Solomon. The author of 1 Kings uses language that recalls these promises so that the readers will see God in action, keeping his word and covenant toward his people. But then sin enters the picture and everything begins to unravel. In the upcoming final post we will examine the implications of the covenant promises being fulfilled as Solomon rules.